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The first US Navy pilot to be awarded the DFC was Commander E. Byrd for his flight to the North Pole and back in 1926. The United States was drawn into World War II on December 8, 1941, a day after the Axis-member Japan launched a surprise attack on Pearl Harbor in Honolulu that killed almost 2,500 people in what was considered the biggest peacetime loss on American soil inflicted by foreign people at that time. Interview with Ray Duffee, 2001. The American War Library 14817-C Chadron Avenue Gardena CA 90249 Phone / Fax 1-310-355-0455. CO 445 The Military Cross (MC) was created on 28 th December 1914 for commissioned offers of the substantive rank of Captain or below and for Warrant officers. Click on the conflict listed below to view a PDF list of the recipients from that respective conflict/period in a new browser window, or "right-click" on the link to download the document to your computer with the "Save As" command. Updates to correct any omissions will be made available from time to time. All issued MCs have a notification in the London Gazette. Lt. Lutz was awarded the Air Medal four times, the Oak Leaf Cluster, The Red Cross Medal, and the Purple Heart. Second award, later awarded the Medal of Honor at Guadalcanal, Shot down seven enemy planes during this period, Single-handedly captured over 1,000 enemy civilians and troops, Led a patrol and captured Mount Suribachi and, Only civilian to ever be awarded the Navy Cross, Shot down five enemy planes and probably down a sixth in a single action, This page was last edited on 28 September 2020, at 19:59. By special Act of Congress, the Wright Brothers retroactively received a Distinguished Flying Cross. It may be awarded to any individual who, while serving in any capacity with the U.S Navy, distinguishes him or herself by extraordinary heroism in combat. The Navy Cross was instituted in part due to the entrance of the United States into World War I.Many European nations had the custom of decorating heroes from other nations, but the Medal of Honor was the sole U.S. award for valor at the time. See more ideas about ww2, wwii, world war two. These 81 Canadians were awarded the Victoria Cross through acts of valour in the South African War, the First World War and the Second World War. The Navy Cross was instituted in part due to the entrance of the United States into World War I.Many European nations had the custom of decorating heroes from other nations, but the Medal of Honor was the sole U.S. award for valor at the time. All issued MCs have a notification in the London Gazette. The first began in Asia in 1937 as the Second Sino-Japanese War; the other began in Europe in 1939 with the German and Soviet invasion of Poland. Consult the Victoria Cross register (WO 98/8) online or the alphabetical list of recipients of the Victoria Cross, August 1914 to October 1920 in WO 98/6. James Lemuel Holloway III (born February 23, 1922) is a retired United States Navy admiral and naval aviator who was decorated for his actions during World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam... more on Wikipedia. West African Frontier Force DCM: See the colonial gazettes for the colonies of West Africa. Samuel David Dealey, US Navy (4 awards and Army DSC and MOH) 3. Posted in Real American Heroes. Navy Cross. When the United States entered the First World War, the country had no other meritorious decoration than the Medal of Honor. First AAPI flag officer in the U.S. Navy. Also awarded the Medal of Honor, Threw himself on an enemy hand grenade and was seriously wounded, Cape Esperance, Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, Second award, credited with shooting down 10.5 enemy planes during this period. The Royal Red Cross was instituted as a decoration by Queen Victoria by royal warrant of 23 April 1883 for award to ladies who showed special devotion while nursing the sick and wounded of the Army and Navy. All Great War MCs are issued unnamed. 1. Available in two classes, Member (RRC) and Associate (ARRC) and is restricted to the Nursing Services of the armed forces. Warszawski Krzyż Powstańczy (Warsaw Cross of the Uprising) Medal za Warszawę 1939–1945 (Medal for Warsaw 1939–1945) Medal za Odrę, Nysę, Bałtyk (Medal for Oder, Neisse and Baltic) The Navy Cross is the United States military's second-highest decoration awarded for valor in combat. Roy M. Davenport, US Navy (5 awards, World War II) 2. Sources: James Lucas (1996), Hitler’s Enforcers: Leaders of … Author: Real American Heroes Published Date: May 4, 1945 Leave a Comment on John W. Ruhsam Navy Cross citation. JOHN WILLIAM RUHSAM. Ret. Other notable Korean War recipients of the Distinguished Service Cross include Harold K. Johnson, later Chief of Staff of the Army, and Herbert B. Powell, later Ambassador to New Zealand (1963–67). Re: US-Navy-Cross-Recipients Post by pikeshot1600 » 16 Nov 2010, 17:10 I don't know what data bases you are using, but remember U.S. Marines were awarded the Navy cross as well as sailors. It was instituted shortly after the outbreak of the Great War of 1914-18 as there was no gallantry awards lesser than the Victoria Cross and the Distinguished Service Order, for junior Army officers and Warrant officers. Recipients of the Distinguished Flying Cross in every year are listed here alphabetically, but you can sort this Distinguished Flying Cross list by any column. Instituted on 28th December 1914 the Military Cross (M.C.) 5. 29169 - 21 MAY 1915 . Albert Fong. It had no decoration to recognize heroic actions that could not apply for the Medal of Honor. Cmdr. The Navy’s top three awards for gallantry, like other services are the Medal of Honor, Navy Cross and the Silver Star. Several interesting topics are discussed in our Veterans Radio podcasts. Doris Miller, who went by Dorie, was one of the first heroes of World War II and was awarded the Navy Cross for actions during the 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor. Search Major Military Awards Recipients (PDF). The Navy Cross is the United States military’s second-highest decoration awarded for valor in combat, given primarily to members of the United States Navy, U.S. Marine Corps, and the U.S. Coast Guard. navy cross recipients Navy Cross recipients are listed by conflict. All Great War MCs are issued unnamed. Strachwitz had already earned the Iron Cross in WWI, for a spectacular long-range raid into France and his escape attempts as a POW. 1st Sgt. History. It is awarded for extraordinary heroism: While engaged in action against an enemy of the United States; The very first one was awarded to Captain Charles A. Lindbergh for his flight in the Spirit of St. Louis, the first Transatlantic solo flight in 1927. There are over 1,000 Marine Corps recipients listed below in alphabetical order. The Military Cross (MC) was awarded to officers for acts of gallantry during active operations against the … Lieutenant Commander Evans was awarded the Navy Cross, later recalled and replaced by the Medal of Honor, awarded posthumously by United States Congress. Solomon Isquith and two other officers with Navy Cross. The March 1986 issue of OMSA's "The Medal Collector" has an in-depth article b Nick McDowell on "Multiple Recipients of the Navy Cross". There is a rare possibility that a valid recipient of the Military Cross may NOT be listed herein. The Navy Cross is the Navy's third highest award and is awarded to a person who distinguishes himself by extraordinary heroism in the presence of great danger or great personal risk. Worn on a ribbon about the neck, it was called a ‘‘tin collar,’’ while those aspiring to the award were said to suffer from ‘‘sore throats.’’ Three higher orders of the Knight’s Cross were established for sustained excellence in combat. To fill this gap, the US Army instituted the Distinguished Service Cross and the Distinguished Service Medal in 1918. The Distinguished Flying Cross was instituted on July 2nd 1926. To fill this gap, the US Army instituted the Distinguished Service Cross and the Distinguished Service Medal in 1918. I´m from Germany and I´m working on a database about Navy Cross recipients beginning with WW2. Only civilian to ever be awarded the Navy Cross James V. Shanley Marine Corps Captain James V. Shanley Marine Corps Captain William L. Shannon Marine Corps Second Lieutenant Alan Shapley: Marine Corps Lieutenant Colonel Guam, Marianas Islands July 21 – August 10, 1944 Joseph W. Shawn Marine Corps Platoon Sergeant Charles M. Sheehan Marine Corps Jun 7, 2015 - The Navy Cross is the second highest military award that can be given to a member of the United States Navy, and is awarded for extraordinary heroism not justifying the award of the Medal of Honor. When one thinks of medals, the image of veterans gathered for Remembrance Day often comes to mind. In sequence, were some 850 Oak Leaves (Eichenl… The Navy Cross is the United States military's second-highest decoration awarded for valor in combat. There are over 2,800 Navy recipients listed below in alphabetical order. Admiralty, 2lst May, 1915. Sources _____. U.S. Navy Recipients ANTRIM, RICHARD NOTT, Commander, U.S. Murray had earned his first Navy Cross on Saipan during World War II. Victoria Cross recipients. Albert Art Lim. The President of the United States of America takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Gunnery Sergeant John “Manila John” Basilone (MCSN: 287506), United States Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a Leader of a Machine-Gun Section, Company C, First Battalion, Twenty-Seventh Marines, FIFTH Marine Division, in action against enemy … Here are also notable Bronze Star Medal recipients as well as famous Purple Heart winners . Ret. A collection of genealogical profiles related to Military Cross recipients. The Navy Cross is now the second highest military decoration that may be awarded to a member of the United States Navy, U.S. Marine Corps, (and to members of the Coast Guard when operating under the authority of the Department of the Navy). Of this total, 2882 are Navy awards, 1034 are to the USMC, 6 to the Coast Guard, 15 to the US Army, 2 US civilian awards, and 19 to various foreign personnel. 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